Frequently Asked Questions

The purpose of the Portal is to make available to Brazilian society data and information on biodiversity generated or received by the Ministry of the Environment and its affiliates (currently the ICMBio and Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden). It enables the knowledge and use of biodiversity data from textual and geospatial searches (through filters, spatial layers, maps and polygons), visualization and download of records of occurrence of species. Access the Portal user manual to find out how each feature works.

Nine databases are available today, some of them from ICMBio systems, they are: Biodiversity Information and Permission System (SISBIO); Bird Banding National System (SNA); National Information and Management System of Continental Chelonian (SISQUELÔNIOS); the Support System for Monitoring the Marine Mammals (SIMMAM); Biodiversity Monitoring in Federal Protected Areas (Monitoring program); Atlas of Brazilian Bird Records (ARA); Biodiversity Conservation Status Assessment System (SALVE) and Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden database (JBRJ).

Today the ICMBio and Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden databases compose the Portal. However, we estimate that the Portal will be able to receive databases from other institutions in the near future.

The integration of databases with the Portal databank is made by the open source software IPT (, ), which allows the integration of data available in databases in different formats and languages, using an international biodiversity metadata standard, the Darwin Core ( In order to make the data available on the Portal, it is also important to define a Data Policy, and the ICMBio has recently defined its own by the publication of the Normative Instruction 02/2015. In order to make available data from other institutions, it is necessary to verify if the terms of the ICMBio Data Policy are in accordance with the expected conditions for providing the data, or if there is a need and possibility to make adjustments to the Portal to meet specific need.

The data bases integrated to the Portal hosts diverse forms of data and information, but only occurrences are integrated in the Portal. However, not all data is available on the Portal. Data in grace period are not available. Normative Instruction No. 03/2014 (which establishes Sisbio's standards) and Normative Instruction No. 02/2015 (which deals with the Biodiversity Data Policy of ICMBio) enables data providers to define a grace period of up to 5 years for public availability. This deadline was designed so that researchers can have the time to analyze and prepare publications based on their data, and is also in line with the deadlines established by the Law on Access to Information (Law 12,527 / 2011). Records that are already out of the grace period are immediately available. On the other hand, the total data set (with and without lack) can be accessed only by ICMBio servers, according to specific rules, always aiming at the management and planning of biodiversity conservation actions.

Each occurrence Record has a lot of associated information, for example the information about the researcher or collector responsible for the record, who inserts the data in the databases. In the SISBio the researcher is the titleholder and accountable for the data of the Permission/License/Volunteer Register Statement. Thus, every time that the user access the occurrence records in the Portal, it will be provided to him/her the researcher or collector responsible for these data.

The authors/titleholders of data and information and the databases of origin should be mentioned, in addition to mentioning the Portal as source and the date of the consultation. An example would be: João da Silva, José da Silva, in the Biodiversity Information System - SISBIO, National Ringing System of Birds - SNA, available at the Biodiversity Portal (https: // ) on October 7, 2015. The authors and source databases of the data downloaded from a given search in Portal for a specific data set are listed in a .txt file that is downloaded together with the spreadsheet containing the data in a compressed folder

In the initial screen, write in the specific field the name of the taxon, the researcher, common name, etc. If you wish to view all the records available on the Portal, simply make a query on the initial screen (clicking "search") or the "Records" menu (clicking "view all") without typing any text in the search field. In "Records" it is also possible to carry out several types of search: simple search, advanced search and search list of taxa. Access the Portal User manual to know in detail how to search the Portal.

After performing any query, PortalBio will return a result screen with the occurrence records displayed on a map. This map is interactive! To add geospatial layers, click on "space layers" in the lower left corner of the map, and select the layer (s) of interest. To consult the records in a specific area (eg, Cerrado biome), selected just layer biomes, and click on the Cerrado biome. A window with the basic information and the number of species and records of occurrence of the Cerrado biome will be presented. This functionality is applicable to any geospatial layer of areas: Federal Protected Areas, Indigenous Territories, Priority Areas, Biomes and Exploration Blocks of the ANP. Access the Portal user's manual to learn more about this type of search.

After performing any query, the portal will return a result screen with the occurrence records displayed on a map. At the bottom left of the map, click "draw polygon" by activating this operation, and then click the point where you want to start the drawing, and continue clicking on the points until you close the polygon at the first point. To draw a circle, click "draw a circle", click on the map, hold and drag. Access the Portal user manual to know in detail how to search by polygons.

After performing any query, the portal will return a result screen with the occurrence records displayed on a map. The map caption is available in the upper right corner. Click this button and check the meaning of each color on the map.

The data and information provided in the Portal come from different types of databases, each one with own structure and technology. In its majority these data were produced and provided by researchers and other professionals who are not direct associated with the ICMBio but, in some way, have used some system of the Institute like: Biodiversity Information and Permission System (SISBIO); Bird Banding National System (SNA). Thus, ICMBio makes no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding the reliability, completeness and timeliness of the data and information it contains, despite efforts to provide accurate data and information. ICMBio can not be held responsible in any case for any damage, consequence or damage that the use of data made public may have caused.

No, but we recommend the most recent version of the browser. If you use Internet Explorer, you must use the ‘11’ version or upper.

After performing any query, the Portal will return the occurrence records on a map. Click on the “Records” button above the map, then in the “download” button. This operation will return a spread sheet with all the search records and correlated information (for example: the record responsible researcher, date of occurrence …).

This is a kind of data that publishing it may compromise the species or ecosystem protection (as defined in the 2º article of the 02/2015 Normative Instruction) and its publishing is temporary restrict (as the 35º article of the 03/2014 Normative Instruction and as the 7º article in the 02/2015 Normative Instruction). The established criteria to define the species which data will be considered as sensitive are: threatened species as defined by IUCN (VU, EN and CR categories) to whom the capture, for pet or aquarism, or collect (for collection and economic use) is one of the main threats and also species with restrict distribution or small population or with strong population decline. Nowadays, 52 species are in this criteria. The geospatial coordinates of these species are not published by Biodiversity Portal.